- Mesothelioma types
- Mesothelioma types: Pleural mesothelioma
- Mesothelioma types: Peritoneal mesothelioma
- Mesothelioma types: Pericardial mesothelioma
- Mesothelioma types: Chart of types of mesothelioma
- Mesothelioma types: Male / female mesothelioma ratio
Pleural Mesothelioma is a cancer that affects the Pleura, the lining of the lungs. The Pleura produces a lubricating fluid that allows the lungs to move freely during breathing without causing friction against other organs or body structures.
Because Pleural Mesothelioma is uncommon, it is sometimes misdiagnosed as lung cancer. However, Pleural Mesothelioma is different than lung cancer because it affects the lining of the lungs whereas lung cancer is a malignant tumor that originates within the lungs themselves.
Pleural Mesothelioma accounts for about 75 percent of all types of Malignant Mesothelioma and because of this, it is considered the most common type of Mesothelioma.
Peritoneal Mesothelioma is a cancer that affects the lining of the stomach or abdomen which is called the Peritoneum. The Peritoneum is much like the Pleura in that it is a lining and produces a lubricating liquid. However, this lining instead protects the stomach. This allows the stomach to move freely when digesting food.
Peritoneal Mesothelioma accounts for about 10 to 20 percent of cases diagnosed, making it much less common than Pleural Mesothelioma.
Pericardial Mesothelioma accounts for 5 to 15 percent of diagnosed cases of Mesothelioma and is the least common type. Once again, this is a cancer that affects the lining of an internal organ. However, the lining affected is the heart. The lining that surrounds the heart is called the Pericardium. The Pericardium produces a lubricating liquid that protects the heart so that it can move freely while pumping blood.